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Author: Don Obrien

Grindrod Shipping Holdings Ltd. Unaudited Financial Results


SINGAPORE, Aug. 18, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Grindrod Shipping Holdings Ltd. (NASDAQ: GRIN) (JSE: GSH) (“Grindrod Shipping” or “Company” or “we” or “us” or “our”), a global provider of maritime transportation services predominantly in the drybulk sector, today announced its earnings results for the three months ended March 31, 2021, the three months ended June 30, 2021 and the six months ended June 30, 2021.

Financial Highlights for the First Quarter of 2021 Ended March 31, 2021(1)

  • Revenues of $71.8 million
  • Gross profit of $13.8 million
  • Profit for the period of $3.3 million 
  • Profit for the period attributable to owners of the Company of $2.4 million, or $0.12 per ordinary share 
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $21.8 million(2)
  • Handysize and supramax/ultramax TCE per day of $12,053 and $13,259, respectively(2)

(1) In view of commencing with earnings reporting on a quarterly basis, we have included the financial highlights for the First Quarter ended March 31, 2021 in this press release to provide additional detail on our First Half results.

Financial Highlights for the Second Quarter of 2021 Ended June 30, 2021

  • Revenues of $159.4 million
  • Gross profit of $34.3 million
  • Profit for the period of $24.2 million
  • Profit for the period attributable to owners of the Company of $19.8 million, or $1.02 per ordinary share
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $40.7 million(2)
  • Handysize and supramax/ultramax TCE per day of $18,104 and $21,916, respectively(2)

Financial Highlights for the First Half of 2021, Ended June 30, 2021

  • Revenues of $231.2 million 
  • Gross profit of $48.2 million
  • Profit for the period of $27.6 million
  • Profit for the period attributable to owners of the Company of $22.1 million or $1.15 per ordinary share 
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $62.5 million(2)
  • Handysize and supramax/ultramax TCE per day of $15,285 and $17,606, respectively(2)
  • Period end cash and cash equivalents of $58.1 million and restricted cash of $9.3 million

(2) Adjusted EBITDA and TCE per day are non-GAAP financial measures. For the definitions of these non-GAAP financial measures and the reconciliation of these measures to the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP, please refer to the definitions and reconciliations in “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” at the end of this press release.

Operational Highlights for the First Quarter, Second Quarter and First Half of 2021 

  • We sold the 2009-built small products tanker Breede for a gross price of $6.8 million with delivery to the buyers on April 14, 2021.
  • We sold the 2013-built medium range tankers Leopard Moon and Leopard Sun for a total gross price of $42.8 million with deliveries to the buyers on April 12, 2021 and April 20, 2021.
  • On May 07, 2021, the United Kingdom Upper Tribunal found in our favor with respect to a previously disclosed tax dispute with Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (“HMRC”). HMRC decided not to appeal the decision which prompted the release of $2.4 million in tax provisions that had been recorded in respect of such dispute in prior periods.
  • On May 19, 2021 the Company repaid the approximately $25.8 million remaining outstanding amount on the senior secured credit facility with an affiliate of Bain Capital Credit (“Bain”).
  • On June 28, 2021 the Company announced its transition to quarterly financial reporting from semi-annual reporting.
  • During the second quarter, we repurchased a combined total of 33,467 ordinary shares in the open market on NASDAQ and the JSE at an average price of $8.46 per share.

Implementation of New Dividend and Capital Return Policy

Commencing from the quarter ending September 30, 2021, the Company intends, subject to operating needs and other circumstances, to return approximately 30% of its adjusted net income (adjusted for extraordinary items) to shareholders through a combination of quarterly dividends and/or share repurchases. The Company intends to pay a minimum quarterly base dividend of $0.03 per share and an additional variable component, that will consist of additional dividends and/or share repurchases. We expect that the return to shareholders will be primarily in the form of dividends, though the Company retains the right to adjust the allocation to maximize value to shareholders based on market conditions, share price levels, share liquidity, and other related matters.

The timing and amount of dividend payments will be determined by our board of directors and could be affected by various factors, including our financial results and earnings, restrictions in our debt agreements, required capital expenditures, and the provisions of Singapore law affecting the payment of dividends to shareholders and other factors. Our board of directors may review and amend our dividend policy from time to time and we may stop paying dividends at any time and cannot assure you that we will pay any dividends, including any minimum quarterly base dividend amount, in the future or of the amount of any such dividends. For the avoidance of doubt, the payment of any dividends is not guaranteed, and the payment of dividend is subject at all times to the requirements and restrictions set out in the Company’s Constitution and Singapore Companies Act (Cap. 50).

Recent Developments

  • On July 21, 2021, the Group entered into an agreement to acquire the remaining shares in IVS Bulk held by Bain for a total purchase consideration of $46.3 million, comprising of $37.2 million for the ordinary equity shares and $9.1 million for the preference shares. The purchase price is based on appraised values as of May 13, 2021 and the IVS Bulk balance sheet as of April 30, 2021. The agreement with Bain is subject to customary closing conditions with closing to occur no later than September 30, 2021.
  • On August 17, 2021, Grindrod Shipping entered into an agreement to purchase the 2019 Japanese-built ultramax bulk carrier the IVS Phoenix, which we currently charter-in from its owners for a price of US$23.5 million, which we believe reflects a significantly reduced price relative to management’s estimate of the fair market value of the vessel due to the early termination of the prevailing charter agreement. The vessel was originally chartered-in for a minimum period of three years from delivery with two one-year extension options and no purchase options. In order to finance the acquisition, we have simultaneously entered into a financing arrangement with a separate Japanese owner on attractive terms for a gross amount of $25.0 million. As part of the financing arrangement, the Group will bareboat charter the vessel back for a period of up to 15 years and has the right, but not the obligation, to acquire the vessel after the first two years of the charter. The financing would be on similar terms to those completed for IVS Knot, IVS Kinglet and IVS Magpie during 2019 and Matuku in 2020. The transactions are expected to close by the end of September 2021 while the vessel will remain chartered-in on the original terms until closing.
  • As of August 16, 2021, we have contracted the following TCE per day for the third quarter of 2021 (1)(2):
    • Handysize: approximately 1,326 operating days at an average TCE per day of approximately $25,205
    • Supramax/ultramax: approximately 1,686 operating days at an average TCE per day of approximately $30,666

(1) TCE per day is a non-GAAP financial measure. For the definition of this non-GAAP financial measure and the reconciliation of this measure to the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP, please refer to the definitions and reconciliations in “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” at the end of this press release.
(2) Operating days: the number of available days in the relevant period a vessel is controlled by us after subtracting the aggregate number of days that the vessel is off-hire due to a reason other than scheduled drydocking and special surveys, including unforeseen circumstances. We use operating days to measure the aggregate number of days in a relevant period during which vessels are actually available to generate revenue.

CEO Commentary

Martyn Wade, the Chief Executive Officer of Grindrod Shipping, commented:

“Grindrod Shipping took full advantage of the improving market conditions in the drybulk sector during the first and the second quarters of 2021 to deliver strong results. In addition, we were able to reduce our debt by approximately $66.9 million while concurrently increasing our total cash and cash equivalents by approximately $20.1 million through strong free cash flow from our drybulk business and the timely sales of nearly all of our remaining product tankers. Our healthy balance sheet and strong industry fundamentals now position us well as we seek to both reward our shareholders and demonstrate the benefits of the differentiated commercial strategy of Grindrod Shipping.  

To that end, we are pleased to announce the initiation of a quarterly dividend and capital return policy which coincides with our transition to quarterly financial reporting. Commencing with the third quarter, the Company intends to return approximately 30% of its adjusted net income to shareholders through a combination of quarterly dividends and/or share repurchases. The Company intends, subject to operating needs and other circumstances, to pay a minimum quarterly base dividend of $0.03 per share and an additional variable component, that will consist of additional dividends and/or share repurchases. This variable policy aims to create a sustainable dividend throughout the market cycles while enabling our shareholders to share in the market strength.

On the commercial side, the dynamic approach of the Company that includes opportunistically chartering in vessels on both long- and short-term time charters in order to service our cargo contracts is bearing significant fruit. Our long-term charter-in vessels are contracted at what we believe to be well below current charter market rates and most contain favorable extension options and/or fixed price purchase options that are now notably below the current market value. This allows us the option to pursue growth at prices considerably below prevailing levels in the secondhand and charter markets. In addition, we have been able to complement our core fleet with a number of short-term charter-in vessels on which we hold a series of charter extension options at commercially favorable levels. Together with our owned fleet of predominantly Japanese-built vessels, all of these options demonstrate the flexibility of our operating model.

Finally, as we work to close the recently announced agreement to acquire the remainder of our IVS Bulk subsidiary, expected to occur in the coming month, we look forward to achieving the final key step in our corporate transformation since listing. Upon closing, we will have completed the acquisition or sale of all JV vessels originally held and sold all our spot trading product tankers, all while positioning the Company to take full advantage of the current strong drybulk market.”

Results for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

In comparison to the results for the second quarter of 2020, the results for the second quarter of 2021 were significantly impacted by higher TCE per day rates achieved in our handysize and supramax/ultramax drybulk carrier segments, reflecting the stronger spot markets in these segments. Our tanker segment results have been affected by the sale of vessels only days into the reporting period as part of our strategy to divest from the tanker business to focus on the drybulk segments. Vessel operating costs per day were higher in the handysize and supramax/ultramax drybulk carrier segments for the second quarter of 2021 in comparison to the second quarter of 2020 due to increased crew repatriation costs partly as a result of COVID-19 travel restrictions, quarantine requirements and related costs. Cost of sales increased due to higher charter hire costs incurred for our short-term chartered-in vessels as drybulk spot charter rates increased in the second quarter of 2021. In addition, cost of ship sales increased as two medium range tankers and a small tanker were sold in the second quarter of 2021 compared to the sale of two medium range tankers with lower cost prices in the second quarter of 2020. Administrative expenses increased in the second quarter of 2021 as compared to the second quarter of 2020 due to increased staff costs. Other operating income (expense) improved in the second quarter of 2021 as compared to the second quarter of 2020 due to reversal of ship impairments and reversal of right-of-use asset impairments partially offset by impairments to net disposal group and goodwill in the second quarter of 2021 compared to ship impairments recorded in the second quarter of 2020. The income tax benefit increased in the second quarter of 2021 as compared to the second quarter of 2020 due to the reversal of a provision for a tax-related legal case which was decided in our favor.

Revenue was $159.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $84.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Vessel revenue was $109.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $55.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

In the drybulk business, handysize total revenue and supramax/ultramax total revenue was $37.4 million and $71.0 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2021, and $21.6 million and $21.9 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Handysize vessel revenue and supramax/ultramax vessel revenue was $37.2 million and $71.0 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2021, and $21.5 million and $21.9 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

In the tankers business, our medium range tankers and small tankers total revenues were $42.5 million and $6.9 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2021, and $38.8 million and $1.0 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Medium range tankers and small tankers vessel revenues were $0 million and $0 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $10.0 million and $1.0 million, respectively for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Total revenue was affected by the sale of tankers as we divested from the tanker business.

Handysize TCE per day was $18,104 per day for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $5,852 per day for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Supramax/ultramax TCE per day was to $21,916 per day for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $7,676 per day for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

The remaining small tankers and two medium range tankers were sold early in the period and therefore generated no revenue during the period. The TCE calculations for the second quarter 2021 are therefore not directly comparable to the second quarter 2020.

Cost of sales was $125.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $82.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

In the drybulk business, our handysize segment and supramax/ultramax segment cost of sales was $23.1 million and $51.2 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $23.6 million and $24.3 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

Handysize voyage expenses and supramax/ultramax voyage expenses were $7.7 million and $17.5 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $10.4 million and $9.3 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Handysize vessel operating costs and supramax/ultramax vessel operating costs were $8.4 million and $3.7 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2021, and $7.1 million and $3.4 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Handysize vessel operating costs per day were $6,130 per day for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $4,735 per day for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Supramax/ultramax vessel operating costs per day were $5,116 per day for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $4,688 per day for the three months ended June 30, 2020. 

The long-term charter-in costs per day for our supramax/ultramax fleet was $12,867 per day during the three months ended June 30, 2021. During this period, out of 2,442 operating days in the supramax/ultramax segment, 57.5% were fulfilled with owned/long-term chartered-in vessels and the remaining 42.5% with short-term chartered-in vessels.

In the tankers business, medium range tankers and small tankers cost of sales were $43.7 million and $7.3 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $34.3 million and $1.0 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

Medium range tankers voyage expenses and small tankers voyage expenses were $0 million and $0 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $0 million and $0.3 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Medium range tankers vessel operating costs and small tankers vessel operating costs were $0.2 million and $0 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $2.1 million and $0.6 million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Medium range tankers vessel operating costs per day were $7,394 per day for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $6,402 per day for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Small tankers vessel operating costs per day were $1,400 per day for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $6,056 per day for the three months ended June 30, 2020.  
  
Gross profit was $34.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $1.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

Other operating income (expense) was operating income of $0.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and operating expense of $4.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

Administrative expenses were $8.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $5.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

Share of losses of joint ventures was $0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and a loss of $1.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

Interest income was $0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $0.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

Interest expense was $4.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $4.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

Income tax benefit was $2.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and was $0.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

Profit for the three months ended June 30, 2021 was $24.2 million compared to a loss of $13.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Profit attributable to owners of the Company for the three months ended June 30, 2021 was $19.8 million compared to a loss of $11.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020.

Results for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2021 and 2020

In comparison to the results for the first half of 2020, the results for the first half of 2021 were impacted by higher TCE per day rates achieved in our handysize and supramax/ultramax drybulk carrier segments, reflecting the stronger spot markets in these segments, and lower TCE per day rates achieved in our medium range tanker and small tanker segments, reflecting the weaker spot market in this segment. Cost of sales increased due to the higher short-term charter hire costs as drybulk spot charter rates increased in the first half of 2021 as well as increased cost of ship sales as two medium range tankers and a small tanker were sold in the first half of 2021 compared to the sale of two medium range tankers and one small tanker with lower cost prices in the first half of 2020. These increases were partially offset by the decrease in drybulk voyage expenses primarily due to a reduced number of drybulk freight voyages in favor of charter contracts that resulted in a decrease to fuel and ports costs. Vessel operating costs per day were higher in the handysize and supramax/ultramax drybulk carrier segments for the first half of 2021 in comparison to the first half of 2020 due to increased crew repatriation costs partly as a result of COVID-19 travel restrictions, quarantine requirements and related costs. Administrative expenses increased in the first half of 2021 as compared to the first half of 2020 due to increased staff costs. Other operating income improved in the first half of 2021 as compared to the first half of 2020 due to the reversals of impairments on ships and the reversal of impairments on right-of-use assets which were partly offset by higher impairments on goodwill and intangibles and the disposal group. The income tax benefit increased in the first half of 2021 as compared to the first half of 2020 due to the reversal of a provision for a tax-related legal case which was decided in our favor.

Revenue was $231.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $167.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Vessel revenue was $181.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $128.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

In the drybulk business, handysize total revenue and supramax/ultramax total revenue was $61.1 million and $114.5 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2021, and $38.6 million and $63.8 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Handysize vessel revenue and supramax/ultramax vessel revenue was $60.8 million and $114.4 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2021, and $38.3 million and $63.6 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

In the tankers business, our medium range tankers and small tankers total revenues were $44.4 million and $8.2 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2021, and $49.2 million and $12.6 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Medium range tankers and small tankers vessel revenues were $1.8 million and $1.3 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $20.4 million and $3.5 million, respectively for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Handysize TCE per day was $15,285 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $5,773 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Supramax/ultramax TCE per day was to $17,606 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $9,163 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Medium range tankers TCE per day was $8,268 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $19,343 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Small tankers TCE per day was $8,648 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $11,368 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Cost of sales was $183.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $158.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

In the drybulk business, our handysize segment and supramax/ultramax segment cost of sales was $41.6 million and $88.9 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $43.1 million and $63.3 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Handysize voyage expenses and supramax/ultramax voyage expenses were $14.1 million and $28.8 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $18.7 million and $31.0 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Handysize vessel operating costs and supramax/ultramax vessel operating costs were $15.2 million and $7.5 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2021, and $13.3 million and $5.7 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Handysize vessel operating costs per day were $5,602 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $4,808 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Supramax/ultramax vessel operating costs per day were $5,212 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $4,666 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

The long-term charter-in costs per day for our supramax/ultramax fleet was $12,611 per day during the first six months of 2021. During this period, out of 4,864 operating days in the supramax/ultramax segment, 57.5% were fulfilled with owned/long-term chartered-in vessels and the remaining 42.5% with short-term chartered-in vessels.

In the tankers business, medium range tankers and small tankers cost of sales were $44.8 million and $8.3 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $41.0 million and $12.0 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Medium range tankers voyage expenses and small tankers voyage expenses were $0 million and $0.4 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $0 million and $0.9 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Medium range tankers vessel operating costs and small tankers vessel operating costs were $1.4 million and $0.6 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $4.6 million and $1.5 million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Medium range tankers vessel operating costs per day were $6,634 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $6,664 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Small tankers vessel operating costs per day were $5,895 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $6,377 per day for the six months ended June 30, 2020.  

Gross profit was $48.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $8.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Other operating income was $0.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $2.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Administrative expenses were $15.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $12.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Share of losses of joint ventures was $0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and a loss of $2.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Interest income was $0.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $0.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Interest expense was $7.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $8.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Income tax benefit (expense) was a benefit of $2.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and an expense of $0.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Profit for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was $27.6 million and a loss of $12.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Profit attributable to owners of the Company for the six months ended June 30, 2021 was $22.1 million and a loss of $10.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

Net cash flows generated from operating activities was an inflow of $102.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and an inflow of $48.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Net cash generated from (used in) investing activities was an inflow of $0.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and an outflow of $25.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020. Net cash flows used in financing activities was an outflow of $82.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and an outflow of $15.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.

As of June 30, 2021, we had cash and equivalents of $58.1 million and restricted cash of $9.3 million.

Conference Call details

Tomorrow, Thursday, August 19, 2021, at 8:00 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time/ 2:00 p.m. South African Standard Time/ 8:00 p.m. Singapore Time, the Company’s management will host a conference call and webcast to discuss the earnings results.

Conference Call details: Participants should dial into the call 10 minutes before the scheduled time using the following numbers: +1 877 553 9962 (US Toll Free Dial In), +0808 238 0669 (UK Toll Free Dial In), +65 3158 5482 (Singapore Dial In), or +27 10 5003039 (South Africa Dial In), +44 (0) 2071 928592 (International Standard Dial In). Please quote “Grindrod” to the operator.

A telephonic replay of the conference and accompanying slides will be available following the completion of the call and will remain available until Thursday, August 26, 2021. To listen to the archived audio file, visit our website www.grinshipping.com and click on Notices & Events.

Audio Webcast / Slides Presentation details

There will be an audio webcast of the conference call, accessible via the internet through the Grindrod Shipping website www.grinshipping.com. Participants to the live webcast should register on the website approximately 10 minutes prior to the start of the webcast.

The slide presentation of the financial results for the first half ended June 30, 2021 will be accessible in PDF format 10 minutes prior to the conference call and webcast on the Investor Relations section of our website located at www.grinshipping.com. Participants to the webcast can download the PDF presentation. The conference call will take participants through the slide presentation on the website.

About Grindrod Shipping

Grindrod Shipping owns and operates a diversified fleet of owned, long-term and short-term chartered-in drybulk vessels predominantly in the handysize and supramax/ultramax segments. The drybulk business, which operates under the brand “Island View Shipping” (“IVS”) includes a core fleet of 31 vessels consisting of 15 handysize drybulk carriers and 16 supramax/ultramax drybulk carriers. The company also owns one medium range tanker on bareboat charter. The Company is based in Singapore, with offices in London, Durban, Tokyo, Cape Town and Rotterdam. Grindrod Shipping is listed on NASDAQ under the ticker “GRIN” and on the JSE under the ticker “GSH”.

Fleet Table

The following table sets forth certain summary information regarding our fleet as of the date of this press release.

Drybulk Carriers — Owned Fleet (23 Vessels)   

Vessel Name   Built   Country of
Build
  DWT     Ownership
Percentage
    Type of Employment
Handysize – Eco                            
IVS Tembe   2016   Japan     37,740       68.86 % (1) IVS Commercial(2)
IVS Sunbird   2015   Japan     33,400       68.86 % (1) IVS Handysize Pool
IVS Thanda   2015   Japan     37,720       68.86 % (1) IVS Commercial(2)
IVS Kestrel   2014   Japan     32,770       68.86 % (1) IVS Handysize Pool
IVS Phinda   2014   Japan     37,720       68.86 % (1) IVS Commercial(2)
IVS Sparrowhawk   2014   Japan     33,420       68.86 % (1) IVS Handysize Pool
Handysize                            
IVS Merlion   2013   China     32,070       100 %   IVS Handysize Pool
IVS Raffles   2013   China     32,050       100 %   IVS Handysize Pool
IVS Ibis   2012   Japan     28,240       100 %   IVS Handysize Pool
IVS Kinglet(3)   2011   Japan     33,130       100 %   IVS Handysize Pool
IVS Magpie(3)   2011   Japan     28,240       100 %   IVS Handysize Pool
IVS Orchard   2011   China     32,530       100 %   IVS Handysize Pool
IVS Knot(3)   2010   Japan     33,140       100 %   IVS Handysize Pool
IVS Sentosa   2010   China     32,700       100 %   IVS Handysize Pool
IVS Kingbird   2007   Japan     32,560       100 %   IVS Handysize Pool
Supramax/Ultramax – Eco                            
IVS Prestwick   2019   Japan     61,300       100 %   IVS Supramax Pool
IVS Okudogo   2019   Japan     61,330       100 %   IVS Supramax Pool
IVS Swinley Forest   2017   Japan     60,490       68.86 % (1) IVS Supramax Pool
IVS Gleneagles   2016   Japan     58,070       68.86 % (1) IVS Supramax Pool
IVS North Berwick   2016   Japan     60,480       68.86 % (1) IVS Supramax Pool
IVS Bosch Hoek   2015   Japan     60,270       68.86 % (1) IVS Supramax Pool
IVS Hirono   2015   Japan     60,280       68.86 % (1) IVS Supramax Pool
IVS Wentworth   2015   Japan     58,090       68.86 % (1) IVS Supramax Pool

Drybulk Carriers — Long-Term Charter-In Fleet (8 Vessels)

Vessel Name   Built   Country of
Build
  DWT     Charter-In
Period
  Type of Employment
Supramax/Ultramax – Eco                        
IVS Atsugi(4)   2020   Japan     62,660     2022-24(5)   IVS Supramax Pool
IVS Pebble Beach(4)   2020   Japan     62,660     2022-24(5)   IVS Supramax Pool
IVS Phoenix(6)   2019   Japan     61,470     2022-24(5)   IVS Supramax Pool
IVS Hayakita(4)   2016   Japan     60,400     2023-26(5)   IVS Supramax Pool
IVS Windsor   2016   Japan     60,280     2023-26(5)   IVS Supramax Pool
IVS Pinehurst(4)   2015   Philippines(7)     57,810     2021-22(5)   IVS Supramax Pool
IVS Crimson Creek   2014   Japan     57,950     2022   IVS Supramax Pool
IVS Naruo(4)   2014   Japan     60,030     2022-24(5)   IVS Supramax Pool

Tankers – Owned Fleet (1 Vessel)

Vessel Name   Built   Country of
Build
  DWT     IMO
Designation
  Ownership
Percentage
  Type of Employment
Medium Range Tankers – Eco
Matuku(3)   2016   South Korea     50,140     II,III     100 % Bareboat Charter (Expires 2022)
(1) Owned through IVS Bulk Pte. Ltd., a subsidiary in which we have a 68.86% interest. The acquisition of the remaining interest in IVS Bulk is expected to be completed no later than September 30, 2021.
(2) Commercially managed by Grindrod Shipping alongside the IVS Handysize Pool.
(3) IVS Knot, IVS Kinglet, IVS Magpie and Matuku have each undergone separate financing arrangements in which we sold these vessels but retained the right to control the use of these vessels for a period up to 2030, 2031, 2031 and 2035, respectively, and we have an option to acquire IVS Knot, IVS Kinglet and IVS Magpie commencing in 2021 and the Matuku in 2022. We regard the vessels as owned since we have retained the right to control the use of the vessels.
(4) Includes purchase options for Grindrod Shipping.
(5) Expiration date range represents the earliest and latest re-delivery periods due to extension options.
(6) We have agreed to acquire the vessel from its owners with closing currently estimated to occur by September 30, 2021. Until closing, the vessel will remain chartered-in under the original contract terms.
(7) Constructed at Tsuneishi Cebu Shipyard, a subsidiary of Tsuneishi Shipbuilding of Japan.

Unaudited Segment Information(1)

    Three months ended
March 31,
    Three months ended
June 30,
    Six months ended
June 30,
(In thousands of U.S. dollars)   2021       2020     2021     2020     2021   2020
                                   
Drybulk Carriers Business                                                
Handysize Segment                                                
Revenue $ 23,702     $ 17,037     $ 37,364     $ 21,603     $ 61,066     $ 38,640    
Cost of sales   (18,463 )     (19,576 )     (23,123 )     (23,560 )     (41,586 )     (43,136 )  
Supramax/Ultramax Segment                                                
Revenue $ 43,428     $ 41,853     $ 71,039     $ 21,905     $ 114,467     $ 63,758    
Cost of sales   (37,712 )     (39,044 )     (51,229 )     (24,273 )     (88,941 )     (63,317 )  
                                                 
Tanker Business                                                
Medium Range Tanker Segment                                                
Revenue $ 1,862     $ 10,421     $ 42,548     $ 38,782     $ 44,410     $ 49,203    
Cost of sales   (1,184 )     (6,743 )     (43,661 )     (34,304 )     (44,845 )     (41,047 )  
Small Tanker Segment                                                
Revenue $ 1,295     $ 11,610     $ 6,855     $ 991     $ 8,150     $ 12,601    
Cost of sales   (1,040 )     (10,931 )     (7,257 )     (1,035 )     (8,297 )     (11,966 )  

  

(1 ) Segment information includes the proportionate share of joint ventures, which differs from the consolidated statements of profit or loss in our unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements which account for our investments in joint ventures under the equity method.

Selected Historical and Statistical Data of Our Operating Fleet(1)

Set forth below are selected historical and statistical data of our operating fleet for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 and the six months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020 that we believe may be useful in better understanding our operating fleet’s financial position and results of operations(1). This table contains certain information regarding TCE per day, vessel operating costs per day and long-term charter-in costs per day which are non-GAAP measures. For a discussion of certain of these measures, see “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” at the end of this press release.

  Three months ended 
March 31,
   Three months ended
June 30,
Six months ended 
June 30,
(In thousands of U.S. dollars) 2021   2020     2021   2020    2021   2020 
                                             
Drybulk Carriers Business                                                
Handysize Segment                                                
Calendar days(2)   1,496       1,527         1,662       1,917       3,158       3,444  
Available days(3)   1,440       1,515         1,662       1,903       3,102       3,418  
Operating days(4)   1,422       1,491         1,630       1,894       3,052       3,385  
Owned fleet operating days(5)   1,276       1,227         1,333       1,479       2,609       2,706  
Long-term charter-in days(6)                                    
Short-term charter-in days(7)   146       264         297       415       443       679  
Fleet utilization(8)   98.8 %     98.4 %       98.1 %     99.5 %     98.4 %     99.0 %
TCE per day(9) $ 12,053     $ 5,673       $ 18,104     $ 5,852     $ 15,285     $ 5,773  
Vessel operating costs per day(10) $ 5,069     $ 4,895       $ 6,130     $ 4,735     $ 5,602     $ 4,808  
Long-term charter-in costs per day(11) $     $       $     $     $     $  
Supramax/Ultramax Segment                                                
Calendar days(2)   2,469       1,974         2,494       1,683       4,963       3,657  
Available days(3)   2,432       1,972         2,482       1,679       4,914       3,651  
Operating days(4)   2,422       1,924         2,442       1,631       4,864       3,555  
Owned fleet operating days(5)   676       443         728       695       1,404       1,138  
Long-term charter-in days(6)   717       599         676       528       1,393       1,127  
Short-term charter-in days(7)   1,029       882         1,038       408       2,067       1,290  
Fleet utilization(8)   99.6 %     97.6 %       98.4 %     97.1 %     99.0 %     97.4 %
TCE per day(9) $ 13,259     $ 10,423       $ 21,916     $ 7,676     $ 17,606     $ 9,163  
Vessel operating costs per day(10) $ 5,309     $ 4,632       $ 5,116     $ 4,688     $ 5,212     $ 4,666  
Long-term charter-in costs per day(11) $ 12,370     $ 12,124       $ 12,867     $ 11,881     $ 12,611     $ 12,010  
                                                 
Tankers Business                                                
Medium Range Tankers Segment                                                
Calendar days(2)   180       546         33       510       213       1,056  
Available days(3)   180       546         33       510       213       1,056  
Operating days(4)   180       544         33       510       213       1,054  
Owned fleet operating days(5)   180       362         33       333       213       695  
Long-term charter-in days(6)         182               177             359  
Short-term charter-in days(7)                                    
Fleet utilization(8)   100 %     99.6 %       100 %     100 %     100 %     99.8 %
TCE per day(9) $ 10,344     $ 19,156       $ (3,061   $ 19,543     $ 8,268     $ 19,343  
Vessel operating costs per day(10) $ 6,494     $ 6,904       $ 7,394     $ 6,402     $ 6,634     $ 6,664  
Long-term charter-in costs per day(11) $     $ 15,302       $     $ 15,299     $     $ 15,300  
Small Tanker Segment                                                
Calendar days(2)   90       150         15       91       105       241  
Available days(3)   90       150         15       91       105       241  
Operating days(4)   90       146         15       85       105       231  
Owned fleet operating days(5)   90       146         15       85       105       231  
Long-term charter-in days(6)                                    
Short-term charter-in days(7)                                      
Fleet utilization(8)   100 %     97.3 %       100 %     93.4 %     100 %     95.9 %
TCE per day(9) $ 9,778     $ 13,212       $ 1,867     $ 8,200     $ 8,648     $ 11,368  
Vessel operating costs per day(10) $ 6,644     $ 6,569       $ 1,400     $ 6,056     $ 5,895     $ 6,377  
Long-term charter-in costs per day(11) $     $       $     $     $     $  
(1) Segment results of operations include the proportionate share of joint ventures, which differs from the consolidated statements of profit or loss in our unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements which account for our investments in joint ventures under the equity method.
(2) Calendar days: total calendar days the vessels were in our possession for the relevant period.
(3) Available days: total number of calendar days a vessel is in our possession for the relevant period after subtracting off-hire days for scheduled drydocking and special surveys. We use available days to measure the number of days in a relevant period during which vessels should be available for generating revenue.
(4) Operating days: the number of available days in the relevant period a vessel is controlled by us after subtracting the aggregate number of days that the vessel is off-hire due to a reason other than scheduled drydocking and special surveys, including unforeseen circumstances. We use operating days to measure the aggregate number of days in a relevant period during which vessels are actually available to generate revenue. Comparability of operating days was affected by the consolidation of the IVS Bulk vessels in February 2020.
(5) Owned fleet operating days: the number of operating days in which our owned fleet is operating for the relevant period.
(6) Long-term charter-in days: the number of operating days in which our long-term charter-in fleet is operating for the relevant period. We regard chartered-in vessels as long-term charters if the period of the charter we initially commit to is 12 months or more. Once we have included such chartered-in vessels in our fleet, we will continue to regard them as part of our fleet until the end of their chartered-in period, including any period that the charter has been extended under an option, even if at a given time the remaining period of their charter may be less than 12 months.
(7) Short-term charter-in days: the number of operating days for which we have chartered-in third party vessels for durations of less than one year for the relevant period.
(8) Fleet utilization: the percentage of time that vessels are available for generating revenue, determined by dividing the number of operating days during a relevant period by the number of available days during that period. We use fleet utilization to measure a company’s efficiency in technically managing its vessels.
(9) TCE per day: vessel revenue less voyage expenses during a relevant period divided by the number of operating days during the period. The number of operating days used to calculate TCE revenue per day includes the proportionate share of our joint ventures’ operating days and includes charter-in days. Please see “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” at the end of this press release for a discussion of TCE revenue and a reconciliation of TCE revenue to revenue.
(10) Vessel operating costs per day: vessel operating costs per day represents vessel operating costs divided by the number of calendar days for owned vessels. The vessel operating costs and the number of calendar days used to calculate vessel operating costs per day includes the proportionate share of our joint ventures’ vessel operating costs and calendar days and excludes charter-in costs and charter-in days. Please see “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” at the end of this press release for a discussion of vessel operating costs per day.
(11) Long-term charter-in costs per day: charter costs associated with long-term chartered-in vessels divided by long-term charter-in days for the relevant period. Please see “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” at the end of this press release for a discussion of long-term charter-in costs and its reconciliation to adjusted charter hire costs. That discussion also shows an analysis of adjusted charter hire costs split between long-term charter-in costs and short-term charter-in costs.

The average long-term charter-in costs per day for the supramax/ultramax fleet for the second half of 2021 is expected to be approximately $12,883/day.

Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position

    30 June
2021
    31 December
2020
 
    US$’000     US$’000  
ASSETS                
                 
Current assets                
Cash and bank balances     60,688       41,261  
Trade receivables     9,313       7,928  
Contract assets     1,054       900  
Other receivables and prepayments     19,795       18,740  
Due from joint ventures           1  
Loans to joint ventures     798       798  
Derivative financial instruments     1,770       458  
Inventories     12,709       8,700  
      106,127       78,786  
Assets classified as held for sale     685       3,825  
Total current assets     106,812       82,611  
                 
Non-current assets                
Restricted cash     6,649       9,304  
Ships, property, plant and equipment     421,968       475,303  
Right-of-use assets     43,903       49,062  
Interest in joint ventures     16       166  
Derivative financial instruments     736        
Intangible assets     323       405  
Goodwill           960  
Other investments     3,214       3,150  
Deferred tax assets     1,260       1,138  
Total non-current assets     478,069       539,488  
                 
Total assets     584,881       622,099  
                 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY                
                 
Current liabilities                
Trade and other payables     29,180       27,355  
Contract liabilities     9,896       5,094  
Due to joint ventures     9        
Lease liabilities     31,470       28,120  
Bank loans and other borrowings     24,191       53,394  
Derivative financial instruments     34        
Provisions     2,412       80  
Income tax payable     846       3,350  
      98,038       117,393  
Liabilities directly associated with assets classified as held for sale     74       508  
Total current liabilities     98,112       117,901  

Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position (cont’d)

    30 June
2021
    31 December
2020
 
    US$’000     US$’000  
Non-current liabilities                
Trade and other payables     194       198  
Lease liabilities     13,301       23,124  
Bank loans and other borrowings     187,306       225,038  
Retirement benefit obligation     1,792       1,819  
Total non-current liabilities     202,593       250,179  
                 
Capital and reserves                
Share capital     320,683       320,683  
Other equity and reserves     (22,621 )     (23,078 )
Accumulated losses     (61,126 )     (85,368 )
Equity attributable to owners of the Company     236,936       212,237  
Non-controlling interests     47,240       41,782  
Total equity     284,176       254,019  
                 
Total equity and liabilities     584,881       622,099  

Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Statement of Profit or Loss

    Three months ended 
March 31,
    Three months ended 
June 30,
 
(In thousands of U.S. dollars, other than per share data)   2021       2020     2021     2020  
Revenue $ 71,828       82,486     $ 159,419     $ 84,659  
Cost of sales                              
Voyage expenses   (18,048 )     (32,210 )     (25,461 )     (20,201 )
Vessel operating costs   (11,671 )     (9,885 )     (11,628 )     (12,367 )
Charter hire costs   (12,729 )     (11,271 )     (20,411 )     (8,262 )
Depreciation of ships, drydocking and plant and equipment– owned assets   (5,931 )     (5,693 )     (6,665 )     (6,040 )
Depreciation of ships and ship equipment – right-of-use assets   (8,294 )     (7,099 )     (8,752 )     (6,237 )
Other expenses   (1,328 )     (197 )     (1,584 )     (408 )
Cost of ship sale   (6 )     (9,063 )     (50,585 )     (29,299 )
Gross profit   13,821       7,068       34,333       1,845  
Other operating income (expense)   122       6,243       239       (4,070 )
Administrative expense   (6,917 )     (6,379 )     (8,788 )     (5,841 )
Share of losses of joint ventures   (24 )     (1,285 )     (5 )     (1,253 )
Interest income   50       310       49       139  
Interest expense   (3,580 )     (4,260 )     (4,157 )     (4,374 )
Profit (loss) before taxation   3,472       1,697       21,671       (13,554 )
Income tax (expense) benefit   (128 )     (677 )     2,572       223  
Profit (loss) for the period   3,344       1,020       24,243       (13,331 )
                               
Profit (loss) for the period attributable to:                              
Owners of the Company   2,358       1,300       19,771       (11,795 )
Non-controlling interests   986       (280 )     4,472       (1,536 )
    3,344       1,020       24,243       (13,331 )
                               
Profit (loss) per share attributable to owners of the Company:                          
Weighted average number of shares on which the basic per share figures have been calculated   19,107,913       18,844,192       19,297,655       19,006,858  
Effect of dilutive potential ordinary shares   347,168       485,334       347,168        
Weighted average number of ordinary shares for the purpose of diluted earnings per share   19,455,081       19,329,526       19,644,823       19,006,858  
Basic earnings (loss) per share $ 0.12     $ 0.07     $ 1.02     $ (0.62 )
Diluted earnings (loss) per share $ 0.12     $ 0.07     $ 1.01     $ (0.62 )
    Six months ended June 30,  
(In thousands of U.S. dollars, other than per share data)   2021     2020  
Revenue   $ 231,247     $ 167,145  
Cost of sales                
Voyage expenses     (43,509 )     (52,411 )
Vessel operating costs     (23,299 )     (22,252 )
Charter hire costs     (33,140 )     (19,533 )
Depreciation of ships, drydocking and plant and equipment– owned assets     (12,596 )     (11,733 )
Depreciation of ships and ship equipment – right-of-use assets     (17,046 )     (13,336 )
Other expenses     (2,912 )     (605 )
Cost of ship sale     (50,591 )     (38,362 )
Gross profit     48,154       8,913  
Other operating income     361       2,173  
Administrative expense     (15,705 )     (12,220 )
Share of losses of joint ventures     (29 )     (2,538 )
Interest income     99       449  
Interest expense     (7,737 )     (8,634 )
Profit (loss) before taxation     25,143       (11,857 )
Income tax benefit (expense)     2,444       (454 )
Profit (loss) for the period     27,587       (12,311 )
                 
Profit (loss) for the period attributable to:                
Owners of the Company     22,129       (10,495 )
Non-controlling interests     5,458       (1,816 )
      27,587       (12,311 )
                 
Profit (loss) per share attributable to owners of the Company:                
Weighted average number of shares on which the basic per share figures have been calculated     19,203,308       18,925,969  
Effect of dilutive potential ordinary shares     347,168        
Weighted average number of ordinary shares for the purpose of diluted earnings per share     19,550,476       18,925,969  
Basic earnings (loss) per share   $ 1.15     $ (0.55 )
Diluted earnings (loss) per share   $ 1.13     $ (0.55 )

Unaudited Summary Statement of Cash Flows

The following table presents cash flow information for each of the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

    Six months ended June 30,  
(In thousands of U.S. dollars)   2021     2020  
             
Net cash flows generated from (used in) operating activities   $ 102,069     $ 48,786  
Net cash generated from (used in) investing activities     243       (25,642
Net cash flows used in financing activities     (82,294 )     (15,227
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents     20,018       7,917  
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period     37,942       32,386  
Effect of exchange rate changes on the balance of cash held in foreign currencies     118       (1,144
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period     58,078       39,159  

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The financial information included in this press release includes certain “non-GAAP financial measures” as such term is defined in SEC regulations governing the use of non-GAAP financial measures. Generally, a non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of a company’s operating performance, financial position or cash flows that excludes or includes amounts that are included in, or excluded from, the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with IFRS. For example, non-GAAP financial measures may exclude the impact of certain unique and/or non-operating items such as acquisitions, divestitures, restructuring charges, large write-offs or items outside of management’s control. Management believes that the non-GAAP financial measures described below provide investors and analysts useful insight into our financial position and operating performance.

TCE Revenue and TCE per day

TCE revenue is defined as vessel revenue less voyage expenses. Such TCE revenue, divided by the number of our operating days during the period, is TCE per day. Vessel revenue and voyage expenses as reported for our operating segments include a proportionate share of vessel revenue and voyage expenses attributable to our joint ventures based on our proportionate ownership of the joint ventures for the period the joint venture existed during the relevant period. The number of operating days used to calculate TCE per day also includes the proportionate share of our joint ventures’ operating days for the period the joint venture existed during the relevant period and also includes charter-in days.

TCE per day is a common shipping industry performance measure used primarily to compare daily earnings generated by vessels on time charters with daily earnings generated by vessels on voyage charters, because charter hire rates for vessels on voyage charters have to cover voyage expenses and are generally not expressed in per-day amounts while charter hire rates for vessels on time charters do not cover voyage expenses and generally are expressed in per day amounts.

Below is a reconciliation from TCE revenue to revenue for the three month periods ended March 31, 2021, June 30, 2021 and the six month period ended June 30, 2021.

    2021  
    Three months ended
March 31
    Three months ended
June 30
    Six months ended
June 30
 
(In thousands of U.S. dollars)   Revenue     Voyage
Expenses
    TCE
Revenue
    Revenue     Voyage
Expenses
    TCE Revenue     Revenue     Voyage
Expenses
    TCE
Revenue
 
Vessel revenue                                                        
Handysize     23,511     (6,371 )   17,140     37,246     (7,736 )   29,510     60,757     (14,107 )   46,650  
Supramax/ultramax     43,374     (11,260 )   32,114     71,039     (17,519 )   53,520     114,413     (28,779 )   85,634  
Medium range tankers     1,862         1,862     (100 )   (1 )   (101 )   1,762     (1 )   1,761  
Small tankers     1,295     (415 )   880     38     (10 )   28     1,333     (425 )   908  
Other drybulk carriers                     135                 135              
Other tankers     1,296                 1,291                 2,587              
Ship sale revenue                     49,465                 49,465              
Other revenue     490                 305                 795              
Adjustments(*)                                                  
Revenue     71,828                 159,419                 231,247              

Below is a reconciliation from TCE revenue to revenue for the three month periods ended March 31, 2020, June 30, 2020 and the six month period ended June 30, 2020.

    2020  
    Three months ended
March 31
    Three months ended
June 30
    Six months ended
June 30
 
(In thousands of U.S. dollars)   Revenue     Voyage
Expenses
    TCE
Revenue
    Revenue     Voyage
Expenses
    TCE Revenue     Revenue     Voyage
Expenses
    TCE
Revenue
 
Vessel revenue                                                        
Handysize     16,810     (8,352 )   8,458     21,463     (10,379 )   11,084     38,273     (18,731 )   19,542  
Supramax/ultramax     41,706     (21,652 )   20,054     21,859     (9,339 )   12,520     63,565     (30,991 )   32,574  
Medium range tankers     10,421         10,421     9,968     (1 )   9,967     20,389     (1 )   20,388  
Small tankers     2,527     (598 )   1,929     991     (294 )   697     3,518     (892 )   2,626  
Other drybulk carriers     122                                 122              
Other tankers     1,291                 1,301                 2,592              
Ship sale revenue     9,083                 28,814                 37,897              
Other revenue     988                 263                 1,251              
Adjustments(*)     (462 )                               (462 )            
Revenue     82,486                 84,659                 167,145              
* Vessel revenue earned and voyage expenses incurred by the joint ventures are included within the operating segment information on a proportionate consolidation basis for the period the joint venture existed during the period. Accordingly, joint ventures proportionate financial information are adjusted out to reconcile to the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

Vessel operating costs per day

Vessel operating costs per day represents vessel operating costs divided by the number of calendar days for owned vessels during the period. The vessel operating costs and the number of calendar days used to calculate vessel operating costs per day includes the proportionate share of our joint ventures’ vessel operating costs and calendar days for the period the joint venture existed during the relevant period and excludes charter-in costs and charter-in days.

Vessel operating costs per day is a non-GAAP performance measure commonly used in the shipping industry to provide an understanding of the daily technical management costs relating to the running of owned vessels.

Long-term charter-in costs and Long-term charter-in costs per day

Long-term charter-in costs is defined as the charter costs relating to chartered-in vessels included in our fleet from time to time, which are vessels for which the period of the charter that we initially commit to is 12 months or more, even if at a given time the remaining period of their charter may be less than 12 months (“long-term charter-in vessels”). Such long-term charter-in costs, divided by the number of operating days for the relevant vessels during the period, is long-term charter-in costs per day.
  
Long-term charter-in costs and long-term charter-in costs per day are non-GAAP performance measures used primarily to provide an understanding of the total costs and total costs per day relating to the charter-in of the Company’s long-term chartered-in vessels.

Below is a reconciliation from long-term charter-in costs to Adjusted charter hire costs for the three month periods ended March 31, 2021 and March 31, 2020.

    Three months ended March 31,  
    2021  
(In thousands of U.S. dollars)   Charter hire
costs
    Lease
payments on
Ships
    Adjusted
charter hire
costs
    Long-term
charter-in
costs
    Short-term
charter-in
costs
    Adjusted
charter hire
costs
 
                                     
Handysize     1,105         1,105         1,105     1,105  
Supramax/ultramax     11,624     8,918     20,542     8,869     11,673     20,542  
      12,729     8,918     21,647                 21,647  
    Three months ended March 31,  
    2020  
(In thousands of U.S. dollars)   Charter hire
costs
    Lease
payments on
Ships
    Adjusted
charter hire
costs
    Long-term
charter-in
costs
    Short-term
charter-in
costs
    Adjusted
charter hire
costs
 
                                     
Handysize     2,091         2,091         2,091     2,091  
Supramax/ultramax     7,787     6,598     14,385     7,262     7,123     14,385  
Medium range tankers     1,393     1,392     2,785     2,785         2,785  
      11,271     7,990     19,261                 19,261  

Below is a reconciliation from long-term charter-in costs to Adjusted charter hire costs for the three month periods ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020.

    Three months ended June 30,  
    2021  
(In thousands of U.S. dollars)   Charter hire
costs
    Lease
payments on
Ships
    Adjusted
charter hire
costs
    Long-term
charter-in
costs
    Short-term
charter-in
costs
    Adjusted
charter hire
costs
 
                                     
Handysize     3,923         3,923         3,923     3,923  
Supramax/ultramax     16,488     9,335     25,823     8,698     17,125     25,823  
      20,411     9,335     29,746                 29,746  
    Three months ended June 30,  
    2020  
(In thousands of U.S. dollars)   Charter hire
costs
    Lease
payments on
Ships
    Adjusted
charter hire
costs
    Long-term
charter-in
costs
    Short-term
charter-in
costs
    Adjusted
charter hire
costs
 
                                     
Handysize     2,760         2,760         2,760     2,760  
Supramax/ultramax     3,197     6,446     9,643     6,273     3,370     9,643  
Medium range tankers     2,305     403     2,708     2,708         2,708  
      8,262     6,849     15,111                 15,111  

Below is a reconciliation from long-term charter-in costs to Adjusted charter hire costs for the six month periods ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020.

    Six months ended June 30,  
    2021  
(In thousands of U.S. dollars)   Charter hire
costs
    Lease
payments on
Ships
    Adjusted
charter hire
costs
    Long-term
charter-in
costs
    Short-term
charter-in
costs
    Adjusted
charter hire
costs
 
                                     
Handysize     5,028         5,028         5,028     5,028  
Supramax/ultramax     28,112     18,253     46,365     17,567     28,798     46,365  
      33,140     18,253     51,393                 51,393  
    Six months ended June 30,  
    2020  
(In thousands of U.S. dollars)   Charter hire
costs
    Lease
payments on
Ships
    Adjusted
charter hire
costs
    Long-term
charter-in
costs
    Short-term
charter-in
costs
    Adjusted
charter hire
costs
 
                                     
Handysize     4,851         4,851         4,851     4,851  
Supramax/ultramax     10,984     13,044     24,028     13,535     10,493     24,028  
Medium range tankers     3,698     1,795     5,493     5,493         5,493  
      19,533     14,839     34,372                 34,372  
* Charter hire costs, Lease payments on Ships, Long-term charter-in costs and Short-term charter-in costs incurred by the joint ventures are included within the operating segment information on a proportionate consolidation basis. Accordingly, joint ventures’ proportionate financial information are adjusted out to reconcile to the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA
EBITDA is defined as earnings before income tax benefit (expense), interest income, interest expense, share of losses of joint ventures and depreciation and amortization. Adjusted EBITDA is EBITDA adjusted to exclude the items set forth in the table below, which represent certain non-recurring, non-operating or other items that we believe are not indicative of the ongoing performance of our core operations.

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are used by analysts in the shipping industry as common performance measures to compare results across peers. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are not items recognized by IFRS, and should not be considered in isolation or used as alternatives to profit (loss) for the period or any other indicator of our operating performance.

Our presentation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA is intended to supplement investors’ understanding of our operating performance by providing information regarding our ongoing performance that exclude items we believe do not directly affect our core operations and enhancing the comparability of our ongoing performance across periods. Our management considers EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA to be useful to investors because such performance measures provide information regarding the profitability of our core operations and facilitate comparison of our operating performance to the operating performance of our peers. Additionally, our management uses EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA as measures when reviewing our operating performance. While we believe these measures are useful to investors, the definitions of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA used by us may not be comparable to similar measures used by other companies.

The table below presents the reconciliation between profit (loss) for the period to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the three month period ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 and six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020.

    Three months ended
March 31,
    Three months ended
June 30,
    Six months ended
June 30,
(In thousands of U.S. dollars)   2021       2020     2021     2020     2021   2020
                                   
Profit (loss) for the period $ 3,344     $ 1,020     $ 24, 243     $ (13,331 )   $ 27,587     $ (12,311 )  
Adjusted for:                                                
Income tax expense (benefit)   128       677       (2,572 )     (223 )     (2,444 )     454    
Interest income   (50 )     (310 )     (49 )     (139 )     (99 )     (449 )  
Interest expense   3,580       4,260       4,157       4,374       7,737       8,634    
Share of losses of joint ventures   24       1,285       5       1,253       29       2,538    
Depreciation and amortization   14,519       13,143       15,714       12,577       30,233       25,720    
                                                 
EBITDA   21,545       20,075       41,498       4,511       63,043       24,586    
                                                 
Adjusted for                                                
                                                 
(Reversal of) impairment loss recognized on ships               (3,557 )     3,662       (3,557 )     3,662    
Impairment loss recognized on goodwill and intangibles               965             965          
Reversal of impairment loss recognized on right-of-use assets               (1,046 )           (1,046 )        
(Reversal of) impairment loss on net disposal group   (38 )           2,589       576       2,551       576    
Share based compensation   256       477       256       478       512       955    
                                                 
ADJUSTED EBITDA   21,763       20,552       40,705       9,227       62,468       29,779    

Headline earnings (loss) and Headline earnings (loss) per share

The Johannesburg Stock Exchange, or JSE, requires that we calculate and publicly disclose Headline earnings (loss) per share and diluted Headline earnings (loss) per share. Headline earnings (loss) per share is calculated using net income which has been determined based on IFRS. Accordingly, this may differ to the Headline earnings (loss) per share calculation of other companies listed on the JSE because such companies may report their financial results under a different financial reporting framework such as U.S. GAAP.

Headline earnings (loss) for the period represents profit (loss) for the period attributable to owners of the Company adjusted for the re-measurements that are more closely aligned to the operating or trading results as set forth below, and Headline earnings (loss) per share represents this figure divided by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding for the period.

The table below presents a reconciliation between Profit (loss) for the period attributable to owners of the Company to Headline earnings (loss) for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020 and six months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020.

    Three months ended
March 31,
    Three months ended
June 30,
    Six months ended 
June 30,
 
(In thousands of U.S. dollars, other than per share data)   2021       2020     2021     2020     2021     2020  
                                       
Reconciliation between profit (loss) for the period attributable to owners of the Company and headline earnings (loss):
Profit (loss) for the period attributable to owners of the Company $ 2,358     $ 1,300     $ 19,771     $ (11,795 )  $ 22,129   $ (10,495 )
Adjusted for:                                          
– (Reversal of) impairment loss recognized on ships               (3,557 )     3,662     (3,557 )   3,662  
– Reversal of Impairment loss recognized on right-of-use assets               (1,046 )         (1,046 )    
– Impairment loss recognized on goodwill and intangibles               965           965      
– Loss on disposals of plant and equipment               25           25      
– (Reversal of) impairment loss on net disposal group   (38 )           2,589       576     2,551     576  
                                           
Headline earnings (loss)   2,320       1,300       18,747       (7,557 )   21,067     (6,257 )
                                           
Number of shares on which the per share figures have been calculated   19,107,913       18,844,192       19,297,655       19,006,858     19,203,308     18,925,969  
Effect of dilutive potential ordinary shares   347,168       485,334       347,168           347,168      
Weighted average number of ordinary shares for the purpose of diluted earnings per share   19,455,081       19,329,526       19,644,823       19,006,858     19,550,476     18,925,969  
                                           
Basic profit (loss) per share $ 0.12     $ 0.07     $ 1.02     $ (0.62 )   1.15     (0.55 )
Diluted profit (loss) per share   0.12       0.07       1.01       (0.62 )   1.13     (0.55 )
                                           
Basic headline earnings (loss) per share $ 0.12     $ 0.07     $ 0.97     $ (0.40 )   1.10     (0.33 )
Diluted headline earnings (loss) per share   0.12       0.07       0.95       (0.40 )   1.08     (0.33 )

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act 1995 with respect to Grindrod Shipping’s financial condition, results of operations, cash flows, business strategies, operating efficiencies, competitive position, growth opportunities, plans and objectives of management, and other matters. These forward looking statements, including, among others, those relating to our future business prospects, revenues and income, are necessarily estimates and involve a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those suggested by the forward-looking statements. Accordingly, these forward-looking statements should be considered in light of various important factors, including those set forth below. Words such as “may,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “hopes,” “estimates,” and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based on the information available to, and the expectations and assumptions deemed reasonable by Grindrod Shipping at the time these statements were made. Although Grindrod Shipping believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, no assurance can be given that such expectations will prove to have been correct. These statements involve known and unknown risks and are based upon a number of assumptions and estimates which are inherently subject to significant uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond the control of Grindrod Shipping. Actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from estimates or projections contained in the forward-looking statements include, without limitation, Grindrod Shipping’s future operating or financial results; the strength of world economies, including, in particular, in China and the rest of the Asia-Pacific region; the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on our operations and the demand and trading patterns for both the drybulk and product tanker markets, and the duration of these effects; cyclicality of the drybulk and tanker markets, including general drybulk and tanker shipping market conditions and trends, including fluctuations in charter hire rates and vessel values; changes in supply and demand in the drybulk and tanker shipping industries, including the market for Grindrod Shipping’s vessels; changes in the value of Grindrod Shipping’s vessels; changes in Grindrod Shipping’s business strategy and expected capital spending or operating expenses, including drydocking, surveys, upgrades and insurance costs; competition within the drybulk and tanker industries; seasonal fluctuations within the drybulk and tanker industries; Grindrod Shipping’s ability to employ its vessels in the spot market and its ability to enter into time charters after its current charters expire; general economic conditions and conditions in the oil and coal industries; Grindrod Shipping’s ability to satisfy the technical, health, safety and compliance standards of its customers, especially major oil companies and oil producers; the failure of counterparties to our contracts to fully perform their obligations with Grindrod Shipping; Grindrod Shipping’s ability to execute its growth strategy; international political and economic conditions including additional tariffs imposed by China and the United States; potential disruption of shipping routes due to weather, accidents, political events, natural disasters or other catastrophic events; vessel breakdowns; corruption, piracy, military conflicts, political instability and terrorism in locations where we may operate; fluctuations in interest rates and foreign exchange rates and the uncertainty surrounding the continued existence of the London Interbank Offered Rate; changes in the costs associated with owning and operating Grindrod Shipping’s vessels; changes in, and Grindrod Shipping’s compliance with, governmental, tax, environmental, health and safety regulations including the International Maritime Organization, or IMO 2020, regulations limiting sulfur content in fuels; potential liability from pending or future litigation; Grindrod Shipping’s ability to procure or have access to financing, its liquidity and the adequacy of cash flows for its operation; the continued borrowing availability under Grindrod Shipping’s debt agreements and compliance with the covenants contained therein; Grindrod Shipping’s ability to fund future capital expenditures and investments in the construction, acquisition and refurbishment of its vessels; Grindrod Shipping’s dependence on key personnel; Grindrod Shipping’s expectations regarding the availability of vessel acquisitions and its ability to buy and sell vessels and to charter-in vessels as planned or at prices we deem satisfactory; adequacy of Grindrod Shipping’s insurance coverage; effects of new technological innovation and advances in vessel design; Grindrod Shipping’s ability to realize the benefits of the separation from Grindrod Limited; Grindrod Shipping’s ability to operate as an independent entity; and the other factors set out in “Item 3. Key Information-Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2020 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 31, 2021. Grindrod Shipping undertakes no obligation to update publicly or release any revisions to these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this press release or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events except as required by law.

Company Contact:
Martyn Wade / Stephen Griffiths
CEO / CFO
Grindrod Shipping Holdings Ltd.
200 Cantonment Road, #03-01 Southpoint
Singapore, 089763
Email: ir@grindrodshipping.com
Website: www.grinshipping.com
Investor Relations / Media Contact:
Nicolas Bornozis / Daniela Guerrero
Capital Link, Inc.
230 Park Avenue, Suite 1536
New York, N.Y. 10169
Tel.: (212) 661-7566
Fax: (212) 661-7526
Email: grindrod@capitallink.com

 



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